Dried Fruits & Nuts

Dried Fruits, Nuts

It is well established that certain dietary patterns, like Dried Fruits, Nuts decrease disease risk. It benefits the management of diabetes and cardiovascular disease . A substantial body of research demonstrates that diets rich in Dried Fruits, Nuts can reduce the risk of overweight and obesity, cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes and hypertension . Fruit and vegetable intakes are, in fact, the only dietary characteristic consistently associated with every conclusion statement. Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee (DGAC) report. Despite the overwhelming evidence of the health benefits associated with consuming fruits and vegetables, the DGAC identified a large gap between recommended fruit and vegetable intakes and the average amounts the population consumes. While the role of dried fruit in health is less well studied, health agencies around the world recommend them as a convenient way to incorporate more fruit into the diet.

Health Benefits

The health benefits of tree nuts in relation to cardiovascular disease risk reduction have been widely studied. More recently, nut consumption has also been associated with a lower risk of all cause, CVD, and cancer mortality. In addition, the consumption of certain nuts, including pistachios, has been associated with improvements in the regulation of blood glucose and insulin, markers of inflammation, endothermic function, and other related metabolic risk markers. Nuts and dried fruits are healthful foods because of their nutrient profiles. They provide dietary fiber, potassium (K) and a variety of health protective bio-active compounds. Nuts also are a source of protein and monounsaturated (MUFA) and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA).

This review examines the role of dried fruits and nuts in supporting cardio-metabolic health and reducing CVD disease risk. It addresses the contribution that tree nuts and dried fruit make to U.S. nutrient intake and diet quality; the beneficial effects of tree nuts on cardio-metabolic risk factors; and the effect of dried fruits on glycemia, insulinemia, and metabolic risk factors. It focuses on emerging research with raisins, the most commonly consumed dried fruit, and pistachios as representatives of each food category.